Parallels Between the Hopi and the Sumerian Cultures
The Hopi believe the Creator of Man is a woman. The Sumerians
believed the Creator of Man was a woman.
The Hopi believe the Father Creator is KA. The Sumerians
believed the Father Essence was KA.
The Hopi believe Taiowa, the Sun God, is the Creator of
the Earth. The Sumerians believe TA.EA was the Creator.
The Hopi believe two brothers had guardianship of the Earth.
The Sumerians believed two brothers had dominion over the Earth.
The Hopi believe Alo to be spiritual guides. The Sumerians
believed AL.U to be beings of Heaven.
The Hopi believe Kachinas (Kat'sinas) are the spirits of
nature and the messengers and teachers sent by the Great Spirit.
The Sumerians believed KAT.SI.NA were righteous ones sent of
The Hopi believe Eototo is the Father of Katsinas. The
Sumerians believed EA.TA was the Father of all beings.
The Hopi believe Chakwaina is the Chief of Warriors. The
Sumerians believed TAK.AN.U was the Heavenly Destroyer.
The Hopi believe Nan-ga-Sohu is the Chasing Star Katsina.
The Sumerians believed NIN.GIR.SU to be the Master of Starships.
The Hopi believe Akush to be the Dawn Katsina. The Sumerians
believed AK.U to be Beings of light.
The Hopi believe Danik to be Guardians in the Clouds. The
Sumerians believed DAK.AN to be Sky Warriors.
The Hopi believe Sotunangu is a Sky Katsina. The Sumerians
believed TAK.AN.IKU were Sky Warriors.
The Hopi name for the Pleaides is ChooChookam. The Sumerians
believed SHU. SHU.KHEM were the supreme Stars.
The Hopi believe Tapuat is the name of Earth. The Sumerians
believed Tiamat was the name of Earth.
The Hopi call a snake Chu'a. The Sumerians called a snake
The Hopi word for "dead" is Mokee. The Sumerians
used KI. MAH to mean "dead."
The Hopi use Omiq to mean above, up. The Sumerians
used AM.IK to mean looking to Heaven.
The Hopi believe Tuawta is One Who Sees Magic. The Sumerians
believed TUAT.U was One from the Other World.
The Hopi believe Pahana was the Lost Brother who would
one day return to assist the Hopi and humankind. The Sumerians
would recognize PA.HA.NA as an Ancestor from heaven who would
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